In 1440 Johannes Gutenber from Germany found the printing machine. That event was a spark that ignited the fire of interest in protecting the rights of inventors and authors in general. In 1469 the government of Venice gave the exclusive right to John of Speyer, the first printer, to be the only one allowed to "print letters". Shortly afterwards, in 1474, the Venetian Law was enacted, which is considered to be the first systematic approach to the protection of an invention in the form of a patent, giving the inventor the exclusive right to dispose of the benefits of its use. The English monopoly law from 1624 was the first law that provided a monopoly on an invention with a limited duration. In 1710 in the United Kingdom, the Anne Act was passed, extending the right to print books to the authors not just to the printers. The words invention and patent first appeared in a constitution in 1788. Namely, the US Constitution of that year speaks of inventions and exclusive rights for creators. It was translated into the first Patent Law in 1790. Immediately afterwards, as a result of the French bourgeois revolution, in France in 1791 the first patent law was passed. In 1877 Germany adopted the first patent law which precisely defined the conditions for granting a patent.
The refusal of many inventors to attend the first World Exhibition of Inventions in Vienna in 1873, due to the lack of an international system of protection of inventions, initiated the signing of the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property (1883). It was signed by only 12 countries including the young Kingdom of Serbia. The convention guaranteed the same rights to the patent owners in all territories that they'd wished to be protected. Industrial property means the ownership of patent rights, trademarks, industrial designs and geographical names. For similar reasons, to guarantee copyrights in different countries, three years later, in 1886 the Berne Convention for Protection of Literary and Artistic Works was concluded. These include works in the field of literature, science, works of painters, performers, phonograms, shows... Works that belong to industrial property and copyright and related works are collectively called intellectual property.
The Paris and Bern Conventions are the base, and today there are more than fifty international conventions and agreements, which specify protection in accordance with the progress in the scientific, technological and artistic development of mankind. Their administration is most often carried out by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).
On April 24, 1992, the Ministry of Development of the Republic of Macedonia took over the competencies related to the protection of industrial property and from that date applications for protection of industrial property began to be submitted. The Macedonian Law on Protection of Industrial Property entered into force on 15.07.1993 but the Republic of Macedonia has been considered a member of WIPO since 08.09.1991. The first director of the Institute for Protection of Industrial Property was appointed on November 26, 1993, after which, on December 1, 1993. The Office for Protection of Industrial Property was established. Later, the Office changed its name to the Bureau of IP Protection, and later to the State Office of Industrial Property.
This year, the World Organization WIPO celebrates IP Day with the motto "Helping Smaller Businesses Thrive".
Happy Intellectual Property Day - April 26!
From November 8-10, 2021 The 42nd edition of MAKINOVA was held, the International Exhibition of Inventions, Innovations, New Technologies and Products, Technical Advances, Industrial Design, Trademarks, Youth Research and Creativity, as well as the 19th edition of ECONOVA, International Exhibition of Innovations, inventions and ideas aimed at promoting environmental innovation.
The Intellectual Property Agency BERIN has traditionally taken part in both events. Namely, B.Sc. Eng. Kristina Chachovska from the Patent Department of the BERIN Agency, was a member of the jury, which this year evaluated the exhibits on line (virtually).
The awards ceremony took place on November 17, 2021. in hotel Continental, where the two representatives from BERIN, Kristina Chachovska and Bogoljub Ilievski, presented the special awards from BERIN for the most successful participants in the category "young participants".
In the category "MAKINOVA 2021" - Young participants, the award from BERIN was taken by Martin Milchevski and Luka Damjanov from SETUGS "Mihaljo Pupin" - Skopje, under the mentorship of Professor Daniela Sandeva, for the project "LUMA-Ergonomic chair".
In the category "EKONOVA 2021" - Young participants, the award from BERIN went to Gala Arsovska from OSTU "Natse Bugјoni" - Kumanovo, who under the mentorship of Professor Slavica Karanikic, developed the project "Natural protection of bees from parasites".
The organizer of the two manifestations "Narodna Tehnika" awarded Acknowledgments to BERIN, for the long-term support of both manifestations, and to Kristina чоaвскаovska, for participation in the jury.
EPI C91 Council meeting took place on 13 November 2021 by videoconference. A total of 188 participants attended the meeting, including three representatives from MK: B.Sc. eng. Bogoljub Ilievski in the capacity of Vice President of the Institute and prof. Dr. Gjorgji Filipov (the two permanent members of the Council) and M.Sc. eng. Marija Kjoseska, as a substitute member of the Council.
Council members heard a presentation from EPO President, Mr António Campinos, on the latest developments at the EPO. The presentation was followed by a Q&A session which focused on the following topics: EQE, EPO Academy, oral proceedings by ViCO, , quality, digitalization, teleworking and cybersecurity.
Council adopted the strategic plan of the Institute that was first presented during the last Council meeting (C90), and voted the budget for 2022.
On 8 November 2021, EPO President António Campinos met online with Mr Daren Tang, Director General of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). The organisations renewed their commitment to further improving the international patent system's support for innovation and signed a new Memorandum of Understanding on bilateral co-operation.
The agreement aims at improving the procedural framework of the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) with a view to increasing its attractiveness and efficiency for applicants. Further focus areas for co-operation between the EPO and WIPO include classification, data exchange and the dissemination of patent information.
The organisations emphasised the need to support the innovation ecosystem with regard to sustainable growth, including when it comes to fostering synergies between the EPO's network of patent information centres (PATLIBs) and the WIPO's Technology Innovation Support Centres (TISCs).
Moreover, the EPO and WIPO will join forces on enhancing their respective information technology systems in order to optimise workflows and processes. This includes the digitalisation of all paper-based bilateral PCT dataflows by the end of 2023.
Two representatives of the Intellectual Property Agency "Berin", prof. Dr. Gjorgji Filipov and Ivona Sekulovska, MA, participated in the 39th Аnnual Цonference of the European Community Trademark Association (ECTA) held in Vienna (Austria) from 21-22 October 2021.
On the first day of the conference, 21.10.21, sessions of the various ECTA committees were held: Advisory; Against abuse; Copyrights; Data protection; Design; Geographical indications; Synchronization; International trade; Internet; Right; Professional issues; Supervisory Board; Membership and discipline; Programs; Publications; WIPO and the Committee of Leaders. Previously scheduled meetings of business partners from the EU, candidate countries, as well as ECTA associate members from various non-EU countries were held in separate rooms of the Hilton Park Hotel. In the evening, the organizer organized a cocktail party for all participants, which was used to establish the first contacts "live" after almost two years of online communication.
The plenary session started on 22.10.21, at which Anette Rasumussen, ECTA President, Mladen Vukmir, Vice President, Andrea Scheichl and three local representatives, trademark and patent attorneys from the Sonn company spoke. Daren Dang, DG WIPO also addressed the conference via video link. Kamil Kiljanski from the European Commission and Andrea Di Carlo, Vice President, spoke at the IP News and Trends session, moderated by Carina Gommers. Director of the European Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO). At the session on brand ethics, goodwill and reputation, chaired by Carolin Kind, Prof. Dr. Giorgio Spedicato, from the University of Bologna, as well as Mojca Pesendorfer from Slovenia and Poonam Majithia, an intellectual property advisor from UEFA. The Conflict of Interest session was moderated by Lamberth Pechan and addressed by representatives from Germany, France, Italy and the United States. Representatives from the United States, Sweden and Spain spoke at the roundtable on customer acquisition and online networks, moderated by Lauren Somers. The session on wine stamps, marketing and geographical indications, especially important for the two Macedonian participants, led by Boris Osgnach from Italy, was addressed by Francis Fay, Head of the Geographical Indications Department of the European Commission, Carola Onken, Germany, Ivan Ćuk from Croatia and Maria Obermayer from Austria. The final part of the working day, which was related to the update of intellectual property cases in the European Union, moderated by Benjamin Fontaine, was addressed by Dimitris Botis, Director of Legal Affairs at EUIPO, Sven Stürmann, Chairman of the Second Court of Appeal and Accredited Mediator of EUIPO, Andrea Ringle, as well as Maria José Costeira, Judge of the EU General Court in Luxembourg. The gala dinner, at the same time a real opportunity for informal meetings and exchange of views on various issues between the participants was held at the Museum of Applied Arts of Austria, founded in 1863 by Emperor Franz Josef I.
During the conference, the Macedonian delegation had several meetings, but especially important were the meetings with ECTA President Anette Rasumussen, Vice Presidents Vukmir and Gommers, EUIPO Legal Director Dimitris Botis, Geographical Indications Moderator Osgnach and Professor Spedicato. But the most interesting was the meeting with Ms. Majithia (Magdia), Legal Advisor for Intellectual Property of UEFA, to whom we thanked for the proper procedure of this European football organization for the legally correct position regarding the jerseys of the Macedonian football players and the insignia of the country. (MK and MKD) during the last European Football Championship.
The Swiss Federal Supreme Court confirms cancellation of the shape mark for Nespresso capsules. It was absolutely impossible to register a technically necessary shape, even if it had become established as a trade mark in the market.
The trademark dispute over the well-known Nespresso capsules from Nestlé (Switzerland) has been going on for years, including in Germany. Nestlé had already registered the shape of the Nespresso capsule as a Swiss trade mark in 2000 (number 486 889) and extended this Nespresso trade mark protection internationally (IR trade mark) via the Madrid System of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), including in EU member states. However, Nestlé was unable to obtain protection as an EU trademark; the EUIPO refused to register the trademark in April 2002 on the grounds that the shape had not acquired distinctive character.
In Germany, however, the trademark registration was accepted, and Nespresso capsules have been protected in Germany since April 2003. But, in summer 2014 the German Patent and Trademark Office (DPMA) decided to cancel the trademark protection for Germany. Since then, Nestlé has been fighting a legal battle in Germany against the Swiss Ethical Coffee Company, but so far in vain. The Federal Patent Court ruled in 2017 that the Nespresso capsules lose trademark protection in Germany. Nespresso capsules were a packaging container with a design only for technical reasons. The Packaging is to be equated with the shape of the goods.
The cancellation request had been filed by Ethical Coffee Company (Switzerland), which developed a biodegradable coffee capsule with a similar shape that is compatible with Nespresso machines. As a result, Nestlé had filed a lawsuit against Ethical Coffee, in Germany – and likewise in Switzerland.
PATENT is a set of exclusive rights granted by the state to the owner of the patent (inventor or holder) for a specified period in exchange for regulated disclosure of certain details of the invention, which may be a new device, process, method or composition . These can make an inventive contribution and be useful and industrially applicable.
Berin LTD offers services in the field of protecting patents in North Macedonia in the following areas .
For the provision of these services in other countries, we have cooperations with our contractual partners who have the respective national professional power of representation .
Berin International GmbH (branch in Austria) only offers the submission of patent applications and the representation of parties in patent grant proceedings as well as in opposition and appeal proceedings before the European Patent Office. Services that are reserved for a professional party representative in accordance with the Austrian Patent Law are not offered in Austria. We would be happy to provide you with our Austrian colleagues from Austrian Patent Chamber.
* The term PATENT is derived from the Latin word "patere" and it means "to be open" (to be presented to the public) and from the term "Letters Patent" which originally means the transfer of a noble regulation that gives the exclusive rights to a certain Person or activity meant.
TRADEMARK PROTECTION is the right of industrial property that relates to a person, organization or legal person for individual labeling of their products and/or services in front of consumers, as well as for the differentiation of their products from those of other manufacturers.
Berin LTD offers trademark protection services in North Macedonia in the following areas .
[In the administrative procedure]
[With judicial protection and enforcement]
For the provision of these services in other countries, we have cooperations with our contractual partners who have the respective national professional power of representation.
Berin International GmbH (branch in Austria) does not offer any services under Austrian law before Austrian authorities with regard to trademark rights. We would be happy to make our Austrian colleagues available to you for this matter.
* trademark is typically a name, word, sentence, graphic logo, symbol, appearance, image, or a combination thereof. The ® mark is used to identify the marks that are registered with the right to the trademark. It is synonymous with the symbol TM used in the area of North America.
Copyright is a term used in relation to the rights to develop, use, and use copyrighted works and specific expressions of ideas and information. Copyrighted work is an intellectual work of a person or a group of people in the field of literature, science, art and other fields, regardless of the manner and form of expression.
Berin LTD offers services in the field of copyright protection in North Macedonia in the following areas.
[When representing authors and users of works protected by copyright]
Berin International GmbH (branch in Austria) does not offer any of the above services in Austria. These are reserved for a professional party representative in accordance with the Austrian Copyright Act. We are happy to name one of our cooperation partners for you.
For the provision of these services in other countries, we have cooperations with our contractual partners who have the respective national professional power of representation
* © is a symbol that is used to designate copyrights next to the name of the bearer, as a warning that their use is only possible with their consent.
© - it is an abbreviation derived from the term “copyright” and literally means “the right to copy”.
Berin LTD is entitled to carry out the following legal representations in North Macedonia before all administrative and judicial authorities, before the European Patent Office and WIPO in all phases of the realization and protection of intellectual property . By continuously monitoring all changes in the law and practice in cooperation with our customers, we achieve the optimal result of all procedures initiated:
Representation before administrative authorities includes:
Berin International GmbH (branch in Austria) does not offer any of the above services in Austria. These are reserved for a professional party representative. We would be happy to name one of our cooperation partners in Austria for you.
Legal acts of Berin International GmbH representation can only be carried out before the European Patent Office.
The representatives of Berin have experience in the oral proceedings before Examining division of the European Patent Office (EPO).
INDUSTRIAL DESIGN is the right to industrial property relating to a particular appearance or shape of a body, image, drawing, contours, the composition of colors, texture or a combination thereof that meets the requirements of novelty and individuality compared with those of the goods previously known to the public. Industrial design is a right that gives the products for which it is intended, a certain visual, aesthetic, ergonomic and practical purpose or a quality of use that distinguishes them from the rest of the products on the market.
Berin LTD offers services in the field of industrial design protection in Macedonia in the following areas .
[In the administrative procedure]
[In judicial protection and enforcement]
For the provision of these services in other countries, we have cooperations with our contractual partners who have the respective national professional power of representation .
Berin International GmbH (branch in Austria) does not offer any of the above services in Austria. These are reserved for a professional party representative. We are happy to name one of our cooperation partners for you.
The Intellectual Property Agency BERIN ® LTD Skopje is an international company that was founded in 1992. Initially, the company primarily served domestic customers and over time it has grown into one of the leading intellectual property protection (IP) companies in North Macedonia and the Southeastern Europe region (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Greece, Kosovo, Croatia, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia, Turkey and Cyprus) .
BERIN ® is a specialized company of Macedonian Industrial Property Representatives (patents, industrial designs and trademarks) and European Patent Attorneys.
BERIN ® is an experienced company for filing applications and maintaining patents, industrial designs, trademarks, copyrights and related rights for individuals and companies in the process of transfer of intellectual property rights, technology transfer, franchise, know-how or licensing in North Macedonia, IP Consulting as well as (through a network of experienced colleagues) in the 38 countries, members of the European Patent Organization ( EPO ).
It also provides services to its business partners in the settlement of legal disputes, arbitration, mediation, settlement and advice in the field of intellectual property rights. BERIN ® provides services for the payment of license fees and annuities to authors from all areas of intellectual property rights.
These services are provided by its contractual partners in those countries in which BERIN does not have a professional representation.
In the Austrian branch (Berin International GmbH), only services relating to the European patent office are provided.
In BERIN work experts with differentn profiles, engineers from different areas of technology, as well as lawyers and Macedonian representatives for Intellectual Property and European patent attorneys. In addition to their mother tongue and English, each employee speaks at least one other European language. BERIN ® works according to the established ISO 9001 system for effective and efficient implementation and monitoring of the protection of patents, industrial designs , trademarks and copyrights. The ISO 9001 system is introduced and controlled by TÜV Rheinland and thus offers the partner company optimal protection of intellectual property rights.
Today BERIN ® is a symbol for a committed and successful service that is carried out in the interests of business partners. The assured and continuous growth is the proof and guarantee of the quality and professionalism of the services to our customers and colleagues from all over the world.
The list of domestic and foreign business partners of BERIN is growing steadily and also includes large European, American and Asian companies. BERIN ® is ready for the world's cooperation in the field of intellectual property with agents and companies.
If you are interested in getting in contact with us, we look forward to your inquiry and contact.
1992 : Founding
Georgi Filipov decided to initiate proceedings to establish a company
1993 : Registration
Decision on establishment of enterprise for marketing, research and development BERIN LTD Skopje
1993 : Patents
Filing of the first application for granting patent rights
1994 : Partnership
Liljana Markovska Filipova joined the company as co-owner
1994 : First Industrial Design and Trademark Applications:
Submission of the first application for recognition Industrial Design and Trademark registration
1995 : First PCT Application
Submission of the first international patent of inventor from Republic of Macedonia under the PCT (Treaty Extending Patents)
1996 : Promotion of Inventions
Participation on the International Fair for Inventions and conquering the Grand Prix Eureka 1999
1997 : International Trademarks
First application filed under the Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks
2001 : International Protection of Industrial Designs
First application before the WIPO under The Hague arrangement for registration of industrial designs
2004 : Representation before the EPO
Start of representation before the European Patent Office
2005 : Representation before the OHIM
Start of representation before the OHIM
2009 : Representation before the EPO
Start of representation before the European Patent Office
2010 : Certification
Implemented and certified system for quality management ISO 9001: 2008
2012 : International Fairs
First solo participation on the International Fair of Intellectual Property in Munich- Visit of deputy director of EPO Mr. Željko Topić at the stand of Berin
2014 : Expansion
Founding of Berin International GmbH in Vienna, Austria
2015 : Software
Introduction of (Paperless) completely electronic administration of procedures
2016 : First Macedonian Patent to EPO
First Macedonian Patent recognised in European Patent Organisation
2017 : 25th Anniversary
11 employees, 2 Offices, 3702 Trademarks, 2954 Patents, 278 Industrial designs and 2500 authors
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Applicable law and jurisdiction
Intellectual Property Company Berin DOO, Skopje
Macedonia Street, No. 27-2 / 22, 1000 Skopje, North Macedonia
Phone: +389 (0) 2-3130-367, Fax: 389 (0) 2-3130-398
ID number: 4570138, www.crm.com.mk
Intellectual Property Company Berin DOO, Skopje, is an intellectual property representative in the Republic of North Macedonia and an authorized patent attorney before the European Patent Office (EPO), as well as a member of the Association of Industrial Property Representatives (patents and trademarks) of North Macedonia and international organizations EPI, FICPI, INTA and MARQUES. It is a company that is certified for quality management according to TUV Rheinland, Germany (TÜV, and according to ISO: 9001, with certificate number ID: 9105059285). The professional norms on which the work is based are determined by the Macedonian intellectual property laws (Law on Industrial Property and the Law on Copyright and Related Rights), the EPI Professional Standards (European Patent Institute-EPI) (available at: www.patentepi.org) and the FICPI Professional Code (available at: www.ficpi.org).
Berin International GmbH
Jurekgasse 1/1/11, A-1150 Vienna, Austria
Phone: +43 (0) 1 8922960, Fax: +43 (0) 1 8922960
Registration number: FN 424569 Т, Commercial Court Vienna
Tax number: ATU70035838
Berin International GmbH consists of European patent attorneys and consultants for intellectual property and technology transfer for southeast Europe. They are members of EPI, FICPI, INTA and MARQUES. Their work is subject to EPI Professional Standards (available at: www.patentepi.com) and FICPI Professional Standards (available at: www.ficpi.org).